Kabayan Eco-Cultural Adventure: National Museum-Kabayan Branch

Kabayan National Museum Mummy
Kabayan fire mummy
Kabayan National Museum Branch
National Museum—Kabayan branch

After the trek to the four lakes, we visited the National Museum – Kabayan Branch. The National Museum – Kabayan Branch was established after the Presidential Decree 260 was declared in 1973 that enshrined a number of monuments and landmarks as national sites and cultural properties.  This law protects burial caves in Timbac, Tinongchol, Opdas, Bangao, and Ambacdet. The Museum enables the understanding of Ibaloi culture from which the practice of mummification distinguishes them from funerary practices of other Cordilleran groups. The Kabayan Branch Museum was declared as an endangered site by the World Monuments Watch which needs immediate preservation. Taking of pictures inside the museum is allowed without the use of flash for the preservation of artifacts.

Kabayan National Museum Subsistence
Common tools used for subsistence


National Museum Bendiyan Attire
Traditional Bindiyan Attire


National Museum Cañao
The kalsa, solibao, and salaw are pieces that are commonly seen during cañaos.


Inside the museum are pieces of traditional clothing, utensils, and day to day tools used by Ibalois for hunting and farming. There are also artifacts such as coffins, hunting tools, jar for tapey, and specimen of herbs used in mummy making. Experts say that herbs used in the preservation of mummies are guava leaves, patani (lima bean) leaves, ginger, diwdiw (Ibaloi) from the Moraceae family, and besodak. They say that the use of these herbs and the type of technique used by Ibalois for mummification is what distinguishes Kabayan’s fire mummies with that of the Egyptians.

National Museum Kabayan Coffin
Coffin used for mummies
National Museum Mummy Herbs
Herbs used in mummification rituals

National Museum Mummy Herbs 2


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